32nd Monthly Study Circle

Sunday, 21 April 2019 07:02

Bacha Khan Education Foundation holds 32nd Monthly Study Circle for Bacha Khan Fellows.

The 32nd Study circle for Baacha Khan Fellows was held at Baacha Khan Trust

Educational Foundation (BKTEF) on April 13, 2019. The study circle was attended by almost 40 mostly youth participants from Peshawar, Quetta, Swat, Charsadda, Mardan, Nowshehra, Dir and Waziristan. The study circle was held on Pashto Novel ‘Bakhtyaley’ by Abdul Qadir Mujrim.

Aminullah Kakar narrated the story and plot of the novel. He said that the author had interwoven the story around a tall, charming and bodily attractive woman which seemed to be a demanding case in the region. The novel, he said, has underpinned the decades old tradition of enmity among first cousins called "Tarburwali". Farid Kakar explained characters depicted in the novel and articulated the social and ecological environment in the novel. The ecology seemed not very friendly to help the people settle down their daily problems in a very smooth way. From that point onward, open discussion took place. Dissecting the novel, Usman Khan concurred that it challenged the decades old tradition of ‘Tarborwali’ which was the main reason behind the fragile and weak Pashtun societal and political organisation. Instead of taking revenge, the main character in the novel brought up her children in a humane manner to help those whom they needed the most rather than take the revenge. Hasnain Raqeeb articulated the concept of ‘Mullah’ which was historically an infamous figure in the Pashtun society used by the local land lords called ’ Maliks’ for gaining their personal benefits. They helped develop tribo-feudal relations for power to control people. The novel through the protagonist emphasises the need for the courage and resistance to change the relations. Isma khan briefly threw light on the concept of ‘Tarburwali’ that it hd taken the conventional niche and even could be found in women of the society.

Afsar Afghan and Imad Khalil discussed their experiences of their own regions as to how changing financial straits are changing the structure of ‘Tarboorwali’.

Dr. Khadim Hussain in his concluding remarks said Tarbor-Wali had brought about serious miscommunication among people, families, and groups of Pashtun society. Alongside, Pashtuns see their first and second cousins as their sole contenders and will do everything to vanquish them in every sphere of life. Dr. Khadim Hussain also threw light on the emerging international political trend of rightist populism and their relationship with the neo-liberal anti-democracy profiteering classes of the world and in Pakistan.

The next (33rd) monthly study circle for Bacha Khan Fellows has been decided to be held on May 11, 2019 at 4:00pm. The text selected for the 33rd study circle is ‘Animal Farm’ by ‘George Orwell’, first published in England in 1945.